# 2 Rounding

Approximating answers to calculations is a very useful skill to have. Ambulance dispatchers can use estimations to calculate which ambulance crew can arrive at the scene of an accident in the quickest time, or determine whether a rapid response car is required.

Remember the rounding rhyme that will help you:

Watch this video to refresh your knowledge on rounding. You should make notes throughout:

Now try the following activities. Remember to check your answers once you have completed the questions.

## Activity 5: Rounding to 10, 100 and 1,000

- Round these numbers to the nearest 10:
- a.64
- b.69
- c.65

Check with our suggestions before continuing.

### Answer

You can see that:

- a.64 rounded to the nearest 10 is 60.
- b.69 rounded to the nearest 10 is 70.
- c.65 rounded to the nearest 10 is 70. (Remember: when a number is exactly halfway, you always round up. As the rhyme goes, ‘Five or more, raise the score!’)

Now practise rounding to the nearest 100. The rule is exactly the same.

- Round these numbers to the nearest 100:
- a.325
- b.350
- c.365

Check with our suggestions before continuing.

### Answer

You can see that:

- a.325 rounded to the nearest 100 is 300.
- b.350 rounded to the nearest 100 is 400.
- c.365 rounded to the nearest 100 is 400.

Now practise rounding to the nearest 1,000.

- Round these numbers to the nearest 1,000:
- a.4,250
- b.4,650
- c.4,500
- d.4,060

### Answer

You can see that:

- a.4,250 rounded to the nearest 1,000 is 4,000.
- b.4,650 rounded to the nearest 1,000 is 5,000.
- c.4,500 rounded to the nearest 1,000 is 5,000.
- d.4,060 rounded to the nearest 1,000 is 4,000.

**Hint:** In this activity you should round to the nearest pound, so £4.67 would be rounded to £5.

## Activity 6: Bill’s shopping

- Bill has £20 to spend on supplies for a hospital ward. Here’s a list of the items he selects, along with how much they cost:
Use your rounding skills to work out whether Bill has enough money to pay for all of his order.

### Answer

Rounding all of the items should give you a total of £19 – so yes, Bill probably has enough money to pay for all of his order.

- Can you total all of the items on the order to see what the actual cost of Bill’s order is?

### Answer

The total cost of all of the items on the order comes to £19.33, which is very close to the answer you achieved through rounding.

Well done! You have now successfully rounded and carried out some basic number work. Can you see the importance of rounding? This is especially important when sticking to a budget.